Archives for Quick Reference

Shigella

Shigella is a type of intestinal illness. Other intestinal illnesses include giardiasis, salmonellosis, and amoebiasis. Shigella is often asymptomatic and

Phimosis

Phimosis is a condition in which the foreskin of the penis is abnormally tight or the tip of the foreskin

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

BV is caused by an imbalance of the bacteria that normally live in the vagina. When the normal acid environment changes within the vagina, it can lead to an overgrowth of bacteria which produces an odour.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis and can be transmitted to the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, urethra, rectum, eyes and less commonly, the throat.

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea has many nicknames; ‘The Clap’, ‘Drip’ or ‘A Dose’ and can be transmitted to the throat, cervix, urethra, anus or eyes. If left untreated, it is similar to chlamydia in that it can cause inflammation and scarring in the reproductive tract and potentially lead to infertility.

Hepatitis A

There are many types of viral hepatitis that are transmitted in different ways. Hepatitis A is an acute (short-term but

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus. When the virus enters your body, it attaches to healthy liver

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is an infection by the hepatitis C virus that causes inflammation of the liver and liver disease. When

Herpes (Herpes Simplex Virus)

Herpes is a skin infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two types of herpes. Herpes simplex virus -1 is usually found around the mouth and is commonly known as a cold sore. Herpes simplex virus-2 is usually found around the genital or anal areas.

HIV & AIDS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes progressive damage to the immune system within the body. The immune system usually helps to

Non-Specific Urethritis (NSU or NGU)

Urethritis means inflammation of the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). Non-specific urethritis (NSU) is any inflammation of the urethra that is not caused by gonorrhoea or chlamydia.

Prostatitis

Prostate glands are located at the bottom of the bladder and wrapped around the urethra, (which carries urine out of

Pubic Lice (Crabs)

Pubic lice are commonly called crabs. They are parasites that live on the body hair, such as eyelashes, eyebrows and public hair, and suck blood for nourishment.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is usually the result of infection with a bacterial STI, most often chlamydia and/or gonorrhoea. The

Tinea (Jock Itch)

Tinea is a common fungal skin condition. It can affect warm, moist areas, such as skin folds e.g. between toes, groin and under breasts.

Scabies

Scabies is caused by a tiny mite that lives underneath the skin. The female mite is only just visible to the naked eye, about the size of a pin head.

Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by bacteria and is contagious in the early stages of transmission. Without treatment, it can cause irreversible damage to the brain, nerves and body tissues.

Thrush (Candidiasis)

Thrush is a fungal condition caused by an overgrowth of the yeast candida albicans, which lives naturally all over the body, including the mouth, vagina and anus.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis (trich for short) is a protozoan infection that causes inflammation of genitals.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are infections that cause inflammation anywhere in the urinary tract: urethra, bladder, kidneys and prostate. Cystitis